Welcome!

Adobe Flex Authors: Matthew Lobas, PR.com Newswire, Shelly Palmer, Kevin Benedict

Related Topics: Adobe Flex

Adobe Flex: Article

Configuring and Testing PHP Servers for XSL Support

Transformations in a snap

To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 4.3 Servers.

Testing PHP 4.3+ Servers
The first proof of a successful installation is that your web server doesn't throw any errors after restarting. To check if everything went smoothly, load the PHP test page in your browser. You should see a section similar to the following image:

Check if these settings are present and enabled:

  • DOM/XML.
  • DOM/XSLT.
  • libxslt.
  • libxml.
  • zlib (for Mac OS).
For libxml and libxslt, only the version number may be listed (instead of the enabled/disabled status); this indicates they are present on your server.

Congratulations! Your server is now prepared for server-side development using XML and XSL.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers
On PHP 5 application servers, XML and XSL support has been greatly improved:

  • Server-side XSL transformations are a lot faster.
  • XML functions are W3C compliant.
  • XML functionality is usually built-in and enabled by default.

    Here is what you need for server-side XSL development on PHP 5:

  • DOM extension, which, in turn, requires libxml2.
  • XSL extension, which, in turn, requires libxslt.
The lixml2 and libxslt libraries by the Gnome project are usually built-in for Windows, so you don't need to worry about them. You may need to compile these libraries into your PHP installation on Linux-based systems, although this is unlikely in most cases. Go to the section corresponding to your operating system for detailed configuration instructions.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Windows
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running Windows. Fortunately, there are a lot of free tools on the Internet that help you install and configure a web server automatically. My personal favorite is WAMP Server, which also sets up a MySQL server, phpMyAdmin and SQLiteManager, in addition to Apache and PHP. For detailed instructions on installing WAMP Server, visit this web page.

Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

As of PHP 5.0, libxml and libxslt libraries, and DOM extension are built in the PHP installation. The XSLT extension is also included by default, but may be disabled in your particular server configuration. To enable the XSLT extension on Windows, follow these instructions:

  • Locate the php.ini configuration file for your current PHP installation (usually in C:\Windows\) and open it using any text editor (such as Notepad).
  • Note: You can find out where the PHP configuration file (php.ini) is located on your system by loading the PHP test page containing the server information in your browser. Look for the Configuration File Path setting:
  • Search the following line:
  • ;extension=php_xsl.dll
  • and uncomment it by removing the ; character.
  • Save the php.ini file.
  • Restart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Linux
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running Linux. Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

As of PHP 5.0, libxml and libxslt libraries, and DOM extension are built-in in the PHP installation. The XSLT extension is also included by default, but may be disabled in your particular server configuration. To enable the XSLT extension on Linux, follow these instructions:

  • Configure PHP with XSL support. To do that, execute the following commands, in this sequence:
  • ./configure \
  • --prefix=/usr/local/php \
  • --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php \
  • --with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs \
  • --with-libxml-dir=/usr
  • --with-xsl=/usr

    Note: The flags used above only enable XSL support. Add any other flags that might be necessary for your own configuration, such as MySQL support, LDAP, FTP, and so on. Also, the path to your current PHP installation may be different than /usr/local/php, depending on your settings or the Linux/Unix version you are using.

  • Compile PHP:
  • make
  • Install PHP:
  • make install
  • estart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Mac OS X
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running MAC OS X. In the default configuration, the Apache web server is installed, but PHP support is disabled. To learn how to enable it, read the article by James Pelow.

Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

You can also download a package that will install PHP 5.04 (as of writing this article) with default support for XML and XSLT from the entropy.ch website.

  • If libxml2 is already enabled, you can skip steps 1-7.
  • If both libxml2 and libxslt are already installed, but XSLT support is not enabled in your PHP installation, you can skip steps 1-12.
  • Download the latest source code version of the libxml2 library from the Gnome Project website.
  • Extract the library to a folder of choice, using either StuffIt Expander, or the tar command line utility:
  • tar xzvf libxml2-2.6.20.tar.gz
  • Open a Terminal window and navigate to the created folder.
  • Configure the libxml2 library with the following command:
  • ./configure ­with-prefix=/usr/local
  • Compile the library:
  • make
  • Install the libxml library on your server (you need to know the root password):
  • sudo make install
  • Download the latest source code version of the libxslt library from this website.
  • Extract the library to a folder of your choice, using either StuffIt Expander, or the tar command line utility:
  • tar xfz libxslt-1.1.14.tar.gz
  • Open a Terminal window and navigate to the created folder.
  • Configure the libxslt library, by issuing the following command:
  • ./configure --with-prefix=/usr/local \
  • --with-libxml-prefix=/usr/local /
  • --with-libxml-include-prefix=/usr/local/include \
  • --with-libxml-lib-prefix=/usr/local/lib
  • Compile the libxslt library:
  • make
  • Install the libxslt library on the server (you will need the root password):
  • sudo make install
  • You need to recompile PHP to enable XML and XSL support. Configure PHP with at least the following flags:
  • ./configure --with-xml ­with-zlib ­with-xslt

    Note: The flags used above only enable XSL support. Add any other flags that might be necessary for your own configuration, such as MySQL support, ldap, ftp, and so forth.

  • Compile PHP:
  • sudo make
  • Install the new PHP version. It will overwrite any previous version.
  • sudo make install
  • Restart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Testing PHP 5 Servers
The first proof of a successful installation is that your web server doesn't throw any errors after restarting. To check if everything went smoothly, load the PHP test page in your browser. You should see a section similar to the following image (Figure 4), if the DOM extension was successfully enabled.

If XSL support was successfully enabled, too, you should also see a section similar to this one:

Check if these settings are present and enabled:

  • DOM/XML.
  • libXML.
  • XSL.
  • libxslt.
For libxml and libxslt, only the version number may be listed (instead of the enabled/disabled status) ­ this indicates they are present on your server.

Congratulations! Your server is now prepared for server-side development using XML and XSL

Where to Go from Here
In this article, I have explained how to prepare your PHP server for server-side XSL transformations. Now you have everything you need to start exploring the new XSL authoring features in Dreamweaver 8. A good point to start my next article, Consuming a Remote RSS Feed with Dreamweaver 8.

You can also have a look at these additional resources:

  • The article Displaying XML Data walks you through using client-side XSL transformations to process XML documents.
  • John Skidgel shows how a restaurant website can use XML and XSL to display its daily menu, in his article, Creating XSLT Fragments for Server-Side Transformations.
  • Marc Liyanage's website offers a wealth of resources for MAC OS users.
  • The XSL FAQ
  • The Macromedia XML and XSL Developer Center Resource page

More Stories By Marius Zaharia

Marius Zaharia is the documentation manager at InterAKT Online, a developer of professional tools for dynamic web development. When he's not writing articles and tutorials to guide web developers, he enjoys learning new things and exploring new technologies. His interests range from web development to politics and avantgarde electronic music.

More Stories By Cristian Ivascu

Cristian Ivascu is a technical writer with InterAKT Online. He is a strong supporter of open-source software and a fan of Japanese culture and rock music.

Comments (4) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


Most Recent Comments
thnx 04/25/06 08:40:25 AM EDT

thanks for the links

Marius 04/25/06 08:18:20 AM EDT

Sorry, first one is:
http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xml_overview.html

Marius 04/25/06 08:17:06 AM EDT

Hi,
Here they are:
XML Overview: http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xml_overview.html\

XSL Overview:
http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xsl_overview.html

KF 04/20/06 10:14:33 AM EDT

This was a great article, it would have been nice to have links to the other two articles mentioned in the opening paragraph (XML Syntax and XSL overview). Is it possible to send me links to those articles?

Thanks in advance, KF

@ThingsExpo Stories
The major cloud platforms defy a simple, side-by-side analysis. Each of the major IaaS public-cloud platforms offers their own unique strengths and functionality. Options for on-site private cloud are diverse as well, and must be designed and deployed while taking existing legacy architecture and infrastructure into account. Then the reality is that most enterprises are embarking on a hybrid cloud strategy and programs. In this Power Panel at 15th Cloud Expo (http://www.CloudComputingExpo.com), moderated by Ashar Baig, Research Director, Cloud, at Gigaom Research, Nate Gordon, Director of T...

ARMONK, N.Y., Nov. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ --  IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced that it is bringing a greater level of control, security and flexibility to cloud-based application development and delivery with a single-tenant version of Bluemix, IBM's platform-as-a-service. The new platform enables developers to build ap...

Focused on this fast-growing market’s needs, Vitesse Semiconductor Corporation (Nasdaq: VTSS), a leading provider of IC solutions to advance "Ethernet Everywhere" in Carrier, Enterprise and Internet of Things (IoT) networks, introduced its IStaX™ software (VSC6815SDK), a robust protocol stack to simplify deployment and management of Industrial-IoT network applications such as Industrial Ethernet switching, surveillance, video distribution, LCD signage, intelligent sensors, and metering equipment. Leveraging technologies proven in the Carrier and Enterprise markets, IStaX is designed to work ac...
"There is a natural synchronization between the business models, the IoT is there to support ,” explained Brendan O'Brien, Co-founder and Chief Architect of Aria Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at the 15th International Cloud Expo®, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
C-Labs LLC, a leading provider of remote and mobile access for the Internet of Things (IoT), announced the appointment of John Traynor to the position of chief operating officer. Previously a strategic advisor to the firm, Mr. Traynor will now oversee sales, marketing, finance, and operations. Mr. Traynor is based out of the C-Labs office in Redmond, Washington. He reports to Chris Muench, Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Traynor brings valuable business leadership and technology industry expertise to C-Labs. With over 30 years' experience in the high-tech sector, John Traynor has held numerous...
Bit6 today issued a challenge to the technology community implementing Web Real Time Communication (WebRTC). To leap beyond WebRTC’s significant limitations and fully leverage its underlying value to accelerate innovation, application developers need to consider the entire communications ecosystem.
The 3rd International @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that it is now accepting Keynote Proposals. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades.
The Internet of Things is not new. Historically, smart businesses have used its basic concept of leveraging data to drive better decision making and have capitalized on those insights to realize additional revenue opportunities. So, what has changed to make the Internet of Things one of the hottest topics in tech? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Gray, Director, Embedded and Internet of Things, discussed the underlying factors that are driving the economics of intelligent systems. Discover how hardware commoditization, the ubiquitous nature of connectivity, and the emergence of Big Data a...
Almost everyone sees the potential of Internet of Things but how can businesses truly unlock that potential. The key will be in the ability to discover business insight in the midst of an ocean of Big Data generated from billions of embedded devices via Systems of Discover. Businesses will also need to ensure that they can sustain that insight by leveraging the cloud for global reach, scale and elasticity.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Windstream, a leading provider of advanced network and cloud communications, has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9–11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Windstream (Nasdaq: WIN), a FORTUNE 500 and S&P 500 company, is a leading provider of advanced network communications, including cloud computing and managed services, to businesses nationwide. The company also offers broadband, phone and digital TV services to consumers primarily in rural areas.
SYS-CON Events announced today that IDenticard will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. IDenticard™ is the security division of Brady Corp (NYSE: BRC), a $1.5 billion manufacturer of identification products. We have small-company values with the strength and stability of a major corporation. IDenticard offers local sales, support and service to our customers across the United States and Canada. Our partner network encompasses some 300 of the world's leading systems integrators and security s...
IoT is still a vague buzzword for many people. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mike Kavis, Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Partners, discussed the business value of IoT that goes far beyond the general public's perception that IoT is all about wearables and home consumer services. He also discussed how IoT is perceived by investors and how venture capitalist access this space. Other topics discussed were barriers to success, what is new, what is old, and what the future may hold. Mike Kavis is Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Pa...
Smart devices that use wireless technology to exchange information with each other and with their human owners: this is the Internet of Things (IoT). This incredible level of connectivity is already transforming how we exercise, treat diseases, park our cars and access business documents. Research firm IDC projects that the IoT world of connected devices will grow to 200 billion objects by 2020. As more businesses, entrepreneurs and government entities embrace the IoT, more data will be generated daily than the already mind-boggling 2.5 quintillion bytes of data per day. However, even curren...
The Industrial Revolution in the 18th to 19th centuries was a period during which predominantly rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban. Advances in steam technology, transportation, mass production and the telegraph collectively transformed industry and society. Today, the Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to once again transform industry and society just as the Industrial Revolution did. Analyst firm IDC forecasts that the IoT market will grow to $8.9 trillion by 2020 with anywhere between 30 to 50 billion connected autonomous things, making the potential g...
Cloud Expo 2014 TV commercials will feature @ThingsExpo, which was launched in June, 2014 at New York City's Javits Center as the largest 'Internet of Things' event in the world. The next @ThingsExpo will take place November 4-6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, in Santa Clara, California. Since its launch in 2008, Cloud Expo TV commercials have been aired and CNBC, Fox News Network, and Bloomberg TV. Please enjoy our 2014 commercial.
From a software development perspective IoT is about programming "things," about connecting them with each other or integrating them with existing applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Yakov Fain, co-founder of Farata Systems and SuranceBay, will show you how small IoT-enabled devices from multiple manufacturers can be integrated into the workflow of an enterprise application. This is a practical demo of building a framework and components in HTML/Java/Mobile technologies to serve as a platform that can integrate new devices as they become available on the market.
The 3rd International Internet of @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that its Call for Papers is now open. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the biggest idea since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
Located in booth #314, the Bsquare team will present DataV demos and discuss how DataV will help customers put their data to work to improve business outcomes. DataV is unlocking new initiatives across a wide landscape of customers in industries such as industrial manufacturing, transportation, retail and mobile. The solution is designed to complement a new project start or help to enrich an existing machine investment.
The Physical Web incorporates beacons that can be put in any small retail store, for example, so that every store now has "an app" for its customers. In this Birds-of-a-Feather session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Scott Jenson, Product Designer at Google, will discuss the Physical Web and how it is an open standard so any device can broadcast a URL wirelessly, so any phone/tablet/watch nearby can see, and rank those devices. When the user taps on one, they just go to that web page. It's really that simple. It's about thinking small, enabling micro-information (what is in my prescription bottle...
BSQUARE is a global leader of embedded software solutions. We enable smart connected systems at the device level and beyond that millions use every day and provide actionable data solutions for the growing Internet of Things (IoT) market. We empower our world-class customers with our products, services and solutions to achieve innovation and success. For more information, visit www.bsquare.com.