Click here to close now.

Welcome!

Adobe Flex Authors: Matthew Lobas, PR.com Newswire, Shelly Palmer, Kevin Benedict

Related Topics: Adobe Flex

Adobe Flex: Article

Configuring and Testing PHP Servers for XSL Support

Transformations in a snap

To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 4.3 Servers.

Testing PHP 4.3+ Servers
The first proof of a successful installation is that your web server doesn't throw any errors after restarting. To check if everything went smoothly, load the PHP test page in your browser. You should see a section similar to the following image:

Check if these settings are present and enabled:

  • DOM/XML.
  • DOM/XSLT.
  • libxslt.
  • libxml.
  • zlib (for Mac OS).
For libxml and libxslt, only the version number may be listed (instead of the enabled/disabled status); this indicates they are present on your server.

Congratulations! Your server is now prepared for server-side development using XML and XSL.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers
On PHP 5 application servers, XML and XSL support has been greatly improved:

  • Server-side XSL transformations are a lot faster.
  • XML functions are W3C compliant.
  • XML functionality is usually built-in and enabled by default.

    Here is what you need for server-side XSL development on PHP 5:

  • DOM extension, which, in turn, requires libxml2.
  • XSL extension, which, in turn, requires libxslt.
The lixml2 and libxslt libraries by the Gnome project are usually built-in for Windows, so you don't need to worry about them. You may need to compile these libraries into your PHP installation on Linux-based systems, although this is unlikely in most cases. Go to the section corresponding to your operating system for detailed configuration instructions.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Windows
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running Windows. Fortunately, there are a lot of free tools on the Internet that help you install and configure a web server automatically. My personal favorite is WAMP Server, which also sets up a MySQL server, phpMyAdmin and SQLiteManager, in addition to Apache and PHP. For detailed instructions on installing WAMP Server, visit this web page.

Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

As of PHP 5.0, libxml and libxslt libraries, and DOM extension are built in the PHP installation. The XSLT extension is also included by default, but may be disabled in your particular server configuration. To enable the XSLT extension on Windows, follow these instructions:

  • Locate the php.ini configuration file for your current PHP installation (usually in C:\Windows\) and open it using any text editor (such as Notepad).
  • Note: You can find out where the PHP configuration file (php.ini) is located on your system by loading the PHP test page containing the server information in your browser. Look for the Configuration File Path setting:
  • Search the following line:
  • ;extension=php_xsl.dll
  • and uncomment it by removing the ; character.
  • Save the php.ini file.
  • Restart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Linux
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running Linux. Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

As of PHP 5.0, libxml and libxslt libraries, and DOM extension are built-in in the PHP installation. The XSLT extension is also included by default, but may be disabled in your particular server configuration. To enable the XSLT extension on Linux, follow these instructions:

  • Configure PHP with XSL support. To do that, execute the following commands, in this sequence:
  • ./configure \
  • --prefix=/usr/local/php \
  • --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php \
  • --with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs \
  • --with-libxml-dir=/usr
  • --with-xsl=/usr

    Note: The flags used above only enable XSL support. Add any other flags that might be necessary for your own configuration, such as MySQL support, LDAP, FTP, and so on. Also, the path to your current PHP installation may be different than /usr/local/php, depending on your settings or the Linux/Unix version you are using.

  • Compile PHP:
  • make
  • Install PHP:
  • make install
  • estart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Mac OS X
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running MAC OS X. In the default configuration, the Apache web server is installed, but PHP support is disabled. To learn how to enable it, read the article by James Pelow.

Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

You can also download a package that will install PHP 5.04 (as of writing this article) with default support for XML and XSLT from the entropy.ch website.

  • If libxml2 is already enabled, you can skip steps 1-7.
  • If both libxml2 and libxslt are already installed, but XSLT support is not enabled in your PHP installation, you can skip steps 1-12.
  • Download the latest source code version of the libxml2 library from the Gnome Project website.
  • Extract the library to a folder of choice, using either StuffIt Expander, or the tar command line utility:
  • tar xzvf libxml2-2.6.20.tar.gz
  • Open a Terminal window and navigate to the created folder.
  • Configure the libxml2 library with the following command:
  • ./configure ­with-prefix=/usr/local
  • Compile the library:
  • make
  • Install the libxml library on your server (you need to know the root password):
  • sudo make install
  • Download the latest source code version of the libxslt library from this website.
  • Extract the library to a folder of your choice, using either StuffIt Expander, or the tar command line utility:
  • tar xfz libxslt-1.1.14.tar.gz
  • Open a Terminal window and navigate to the created folder.
  • Configure the libxslt library, by issuing the following command:
  • ./configure --with-prefix=/usr/local \
  • --with-libxml-prefix=/usr/local /
  • --with-libxml-include-prefix=/usr/local/include \
  • --with-libxml-lib-prefix=/usr/local/lib
  • Compile the libxslt library:
  • make
  • Install the libxslt library on the server (you will need the root password):
  • sudo make install
  • You need to recompile PHP to enable XML and XSL support. Configure PHP with at least the following flags:
  • ./configure --with-xml ­with-zlib ­with-xslt

    Note: The flags used above only enable XSL support. Add any other flags that might be necessary for your own configuration, such as MySQL support, ldap, ftp, and so forth.

  • Compile PHP:
  • sudo make
  • Install the new PHP version. It will overwrite any previous version.
  • sudo make install
  • Restart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Testing PHP 5 Servers
The first proof of a successful installation is that your web server doesn't throw any errors after restarting. To check if everything went smoothly, load the PHP test page in your browser. You should see a section similar to the following image (Figure 4), if the DOM extension was successfully enabled.

If XSL support was successfully enabled, too, you should also see a section similar to this one:

Check if these settings are present and enabled:

  • DOM/XML.
  • libXML.
  • XSL.
  • libxslt.
For libxml and libxslt, only the version number may be listed (instead of the enabled/disabled status) ­ this indicates they are present on your server.

Congratulations! Your server is now prepared for server-side development using XML and XSL

Where to Go from Here
In this article, I have explained how to prepare your PHP server for server-side XSL transformations. Now you have everything you need to start exploring the new XSL authoring features in Dreamweaver 8. A good point to start my next article, Consuming a Remote RSS Feed with Dreamweaver 8.

You can also have a look at these additional resources:

  • The article Displaying XML Data walks you through using client-side XSL transformations to process XML documents.
  • John Skidgel shows how a restaurant website can use XML and XSL to display its daily menu, in his article, Creating XSLT Fragments for Server-Side Transformations.
  • Marc Liyanage's website offers a wealth of resources for MAC OS users.
  • The XSL FAQ
  • The Macromedia XML and XSL Developer Center Resource page

More Stories By Marius Zaharia

Marius Zaharia is the documentation manager at InterAKT Online, a developer of professional tools for dynamic web development. When he's not writing articles and tutorials to guide web developers, he enjoys learning new things and exploring new technologies. His interests range from web development to politics and avantgarde electronic music.

More Stories By Cristian Ivascu

Cristian Ivascu is a technical writer with InterAKT Online. He is a strong supporter of open-source software and a fan of Japanese culture and rock music.

Comments (4) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


Most Recent Comments
thnx 04/25/06 08:40:25 AM EDT

thanks for the links

Marius 04/25/06 08:18:20 AM EDT

Sorry, first one is:
http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xml_overview.html

Marius 04/25/06 08:17:06 AM EDT

Hi,
Here they are:
XML Overview: http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xml_overview.html\

XSL Overview:
http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xsl_overview.html

KF 04/20/06 10:14:33 AM EDT

This was a great article, it would have been nice to have links to the other two articles mentioned in the opening paragraph (XML Syntax and XSL overview). Is it possible to send me links to those articles?

Thanks in advance, KF

@ThingsExpo Stories
The Internet of Things (IoT) is causing data centers to become radically decentralized and atomized within a new paradigm known as “fog computing.” To support IoT applications, such as connected cars and smart grids, data centers' core functions will be decentralized out to the network's edges and endpoints (aka “fogs”). As this trend takes hold, Big Data analytics platforms will focus on high-volume log analysis (aka “logs”) and rely heavily on cognitive-computing algorithms (aka “cogs”) to make sense of it all.
With several hundred implementations of IoT-enabled solutions in the past 12 months alone, this session will focus on experience over the art of the possible. Many can only imagine the most advanced telematics platform ever deployed, supporting millions of customers, producing tens of thousands events or GBs per trip, and hundreds of TBs per month. With the ability to support a billion sensor events per second, over 30PB of warm data for analytics, and hundreds of PBs for an data analytics archive, in his session at @ThingsExpo, Jim Kaskade, Vice President and General Manager, Big Data & Ana...
In the consumer IoT, everything is new, and the IT world of bits and bytes holds sway. But industrial and commercial realms encompass operational technology (OT) that has been around for 25 or 50 years. This grittier, pre-IP, more hands-on world has much to gain from Industrial IoT (IIoT) applications and principles. But adding sensors and wireless connectivity won’t work in environments that demand unwavering reliability and performance. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ron Sege, CEO of Echelon, will discuss how as enterprise IT embraces other IoT-related technology trends, enterprises with i...
When it comes to the Internet of Things, hooking up will get you only so far. If you want customers to commit, you need to go beyond simply connecting products. You need to use the devices themselves to transform how you engage with every customer and how you manage the entire product lifecycle. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sean Lorenz, Technical Product Manager for Xively at LogMeIn, will show how “product relationship management” can help you leverage your connected devices and the data they generate about customer usage and product performance to deliver extremely compelling and reliabl...
One of the biggest impacts of the Internet of Things is and will continue to be on data; specifically data volume, management and usage. Companies are scrambling to adapt to this new and unpredictable data reality with legacy infrastructure that cannot handle the speed and volume of data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Don DeLoach, CEO and president of Infobright, will discuss how companies need to rethink their data infrastructure to participate in the IoT, including: Data storage: Understanding the kinds of data: structured, unstructured, big/small? Analytics: What kinds and how responsiv...
Since 2008 and for the first time in history, more than half of humans live in urban areas, urging cities to become “smart.” Today, cities can leverage the wide availability of smartphones combined with new technologies such as Beacons or NFC to connect their urban furniture and environment to create citizen-first services that improve transportation, way-finding and information delivery. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Laetitia Gazel-Anthoine, CEO of Connecthings, will focus on successful use cases.
Sensor-enabled things are becoming more commonplace, precursors to a larger and more complex framework that most consider the ultimate promise of the IoT: things connecting, interacting, sharing, storing, and over time perhaps learning and predicting based on habits, behaviors, location, preferences, purchases and more. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tom Wesselman, Director of Communications Ecosystem Architecture at Plantronics, will examine the still nascent IoT as it is coalescing, including what it is today, what it might ultimately be, the role of wearable tech, and technology gaps stil...
The true value of the Internet of Things (IoT) lies not just in the data, but through the services that protect the data, perform the analysis and present findings in a usable way. With many IoT elements rooted in traditional IT components, Big Data and IoT isn’t just a play for enterprise. In fact, the IoT presents SMBs with the prospect of launching entirely new activities and exploring innovative areas. CompTIA research identifies several areas where IoT is expected to have the greatest impact.
Wearable devices have come of age. The primary applications of wearables so far have been "the Quantified Self" or the tracking of one's fitness and health status. We propose the evolution of wearables into social and emotional communication devices. Our BE(tm) sensor uses light to visualize the skin conductance response. Our sensors are very inexpensive and can be massively distributed to audiences or groups of any size, in order to gauge reactions to performances, video, or any kind of presentation. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Jocelyn Scheirer, CEO & Founder of Bionolux, will discuss ho...
Roberto Medrano, Executive Vice President at SOA Software, had reached 30,000 page views on his home page - http://RobertoMedrano.SYS-CON.com/ - on the SYS-CON family of online magazines, which includes Cloud Computing Journal, Internet of Things Journal, Big Data Journal, and SOA World Magazine. He is a recognized executive in the information technology fields of SOA, internet security, governance, and compliance. He has extensive experience with both start-ups and large companies, having been involved at the beginning of four IT industries: EDA, Open Systems, Computer Security and now SOA.
The industrial software market has treated data with the mentality of “collect everything now, worry about how to use it later.” We now find ourselves buried in data, with the pervasive connectivity of the (Industrial) Internet of Things only piling on more numbers. There’s too much data and not enough information. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Bob Gates, Global Marketing Director, GE’s Intelligent Platforms business, to discuss how realizing the power of IoT, software developers are now focused on understanding how industrial data can create intelligence for industrial operations. Imagine ...
Operational Hadoop and the Lambda Architecture for Streaming Data Apache Hadoop is emerging as a distributed platform for handling large and fast incoming streams of data. Predictive maintenance, supply chain optimization, and Internet-of-Things analysis are examples where Hadoop provides the scalable storage, processing, and analytics platform to gain meaningful insights from granular data that is typically only valuable from a large-scale, aggregate view. One architecture useful for capturing and analyzing streaming data is the Lambda Architecture, representing a model of how to analyze rea...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Vitria Technology, Inc. will exhibit at SYS-CON’s @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Vitria will showcase the company’s new IoT Analytics Platform through live demonstrations at booth #330. Vitria’s IoT Analytics Platform, fully integrated and powered by an operational intelligence engine, enables customers to rapidly build and operationalize advanced analytics to deliver timely business outcomes for use cases across the industrial, enterprise, and consumer segments.
The explosion of connected devices / sensors is creating an ever-expanding set of new and valuable data. In parallel the emerging capability of Big Data technologies to store, access, analyze, and react to this data is producing changes in business models under the umbrella of the Internet of Things (IoT). In particular within the Insurance industry, IoT appears positioned to enable deep changes by altering relationships between insurers, distributors, and the insured. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Sick, a Senior Manager and Big Data Architect within Ernst and Young's Financial Servi...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Open Data Centers (ODC), a carrier-neutral colocation provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Open Data Centers is a carrier-neutral data center operator in New Jersey and New York City offering alternative connectivity options for carriers, service providers and enterprise customers.
The explosion of connected devices / sensors is creating an ever-expanding set of new and valuable data. In parallel the emerging capability of Big Data technologies to store, access, analyze, and react to this data is producing changes in business models under the umbrella of the Internet of Things (IoT). In particular within the Insurance industry, IoT appears positioned to enable deep changes by altering relationships between insurers, distributors, and the insured. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Sick, a Senior Manager and Big Data Architect within Ernst and Young's Financial Servi...
PubNub on Monday has announced that it is partnering with IBM to bring its sophisticated real-time data streaming and messaging capabilities to Bluemix, IBM’s cloud development platform. “Today’s app and connected devices require an always-on connection, but building a secure, scalable solution from the ground up is time consuming, resource intensive, and error-prone,” said Todd Greene, CEO of PubNub. “PubNub enables web, mobile and IoT developers building apps on IBM Bluemix to quickly add scalable realtime functionality with minimal effort and cost.”
Sensor-enabled things are becoming more commonplace, precursors to a larger and more complex framework that most consider the ultimate promise of the IoT: things connecting, interacting, sharing, storing, and over time perhaps learning and predicting based on habits, behaviors, location, preferences, purchases and more. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tom Wesselman, Director of Communications Ecosystem Architecture at Plantronics, will examine the still nascent IoT as it is coalescing, including what it is today, what it might ultimately be, the role of wearable tech, and technology gaps stil...
SYS-CON Events announced today that GENBAND, a leading developer of real time communications software solutions, has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's WebRTC Summit, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. The GENBAND team will be on hand to demonstrate their newest product, Kandy. Kandy is a communications Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) that enables companies to seamlessly integrate more human communications into their Web and mobile applications - creating more engaging experiences for their customers and boosting collaboration and productiv...
From telemedicine to smart cars, digital homes and industrial monitoring, the explosive growth of IoT has created exciting new business opportunities for real time calls and messaging. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ivelin Ivanov, CEO and Co-Founder of Telestax, shared some of the new revenue sources that IoT created for Restcomm – the open source telephony platform from Telestax. Ivelin Ivanov is a technology entrepreneur who founded Mobicents, an Open Source VoIP Platform, to help create, deploy, and manage applications integrating voice, video and data. He is the co-founder of TeleStax, a...