Welcome!

Adobe Flex Authors: Matthew Lobas, PR.com Newswire, Shelly Palmer, Kevin Benedict

Related Topics: Adobe Flex

Adobe Flex: Article

Configuring and Testing PHP Servers for XSL Support

Transformations in a snap

To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 4.3 Servers.

Testing PHP 4.3+ Servers
The first proof of a successful installation is that your web server doesn't throw any errors after restarting. To check if everything went smoothly, load the PHP test page in your browser. You should see a section similar to the following image:

Check if these settings are present and enabled:

  • DOM/XML.
  • DOM/XSLT.
  • libxslt.
  • libxml.
  • zlib (for Mac OS).
For libxml and libxslt, only the version number may be listed (instead of the enabled/disabled status); this indicates they are present on your server.

Congratulations! Your server is now prepared for server-side development using XML and XSL.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers
On PHP 5 application servers, XML and XSL support has been greatly improved:

  • Server-side XSL transformations are a lot faster.
  • XML functions are W3C compliant.
  • XML functionality is usually built-in and enabled by default.

    Here is what you need for server-side XSL development on PHP 5:

  • DOM extension, which, in turn, requires libxml2.
  • XSL extension, which, in turn, requires libxslt.
The lixml2 and libxslt libraries by the Gnome project are usually built-in for Windows, so you don't need to worry about them. You may need to compile these libraries into your PHP installation on Linux-based systems, although this is unlikely in most cases. Go to the section corresponding to your operating system for detailed configuration instructions.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Windows
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running Windows. Fortunately, there are a lot of free tools on the Internet that help you install and configure a web server automatically. My personal favorite is WAMP Server, which also sets up a MySQL server, phpMyAdmin and SQLiteManager, in addition to Apache and PHP. For detailed instructions on installing WAMP Server, visit this web page.

Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

As of PHP 5.0, libxml and libxslt libraries, and DOM extension are built in the PHP installation. The XSLT extension is also included by default, but may be disabled in your particular server configuration. To enable the XSLT extension on Windows, follow these instructions:

  • Locate the php.ini configuration file for your current PHP installation (usually in C:\Windows\) and open it using any text editor (such as Notepad).
  • Note: You can find out where the PHP configuration file (php.ini) is located on your system by loading the PHP test page containing the server information in your browser. Look for the Configuration File Path setting:
  • Search the following line:
  • ;extension=php_xsl.dll
  • and uncomment it by removing the ; character.
  • Save the php.ini file.
  • Restart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Linux
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running Linux. Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

As of PHP 5.0, libxml and libxslt libraries, and DOM extension are built-in in the PHP installation. The XSLT extension is also included by default, but may be disabled in your particular server configuration. To enable the XSLT extension on Linux, follow these instructions:

  • Configure PHP with XSL support. To do that, execute the following commands, in this sequence:
  • ./configure \
  • --prefix=/usr/local/php \
  • --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php \
  • --with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs \
  • --with-libxml-dir=/usr
  • --with-xsl=/usr

    Note: The flags used above only enable XSL support. Add any other flags that might be necessary for your own configuration, such as MySQL support, LDAP, FTP, and so on. Also, the path to your current PHP installation may be different than /usr/local/php, depending on your settings or the Linux/Unix version you are using.

  • Compile PHP:
  • make
  • Install PHP:
  • make install
  • estart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Configuring PHP 5 Servers on Mac OS X
The following instructions assume you have already installed a web server with PHP language support on a computer running MAC OS X. In the default configuration, the Apache web server is installed, but PHP support is disabled. To learn how to enable it, read the article by James Pelow.

Before proceeding with the configuration instructions, check if the required libraries are not already enabled on your server by loading the PHP test page in your browser.

You can also download a package that will install PHP 5.04 (as of writing this article) with default support for XML and XSLT from the entropy.ch website.

  • If libxml2 is already enabled, you can skip steps 1-7.
  • If both libxml2 and libxslt are already installed, but XSLT support is not enabled in your PHP installation, you can skip steps 1-12.
  • Download the latest source code version of the libxml2 library from the Gnome Project website.
  • Extract the library to a folder of choice, using either StuffIt Expander, or the tar command line utility:
  • tar xzvf libxml2-2.6.20.tar.gz
  • Open a Terminal window and navigate to the created folder.
  • Configure the libxml2 library with the following command:
  • ./configure ­with-prefix=/usr/local
  • Compile the library:
  • make
  • Install the libxml library on your server (you need to know the root password):
  • sudo make install
  • Download the latest source code version of the libxslt library from this website.
  • Extract the library to a folder of your choice, using either StuffIt Expander, or the tar command line utility:
  • tar xfz libxslt-1.1.14.tar.gz
  • Open a Terminal window and navigate to the created folder.
  • Configure the libxslt library, by issuing the following command:
  • ./configure --with-prefix=/usr/local \
  • --with-libxml-prefix=/usr/local /
  • --with-libxml-include-prefix=/usr/local/include \
  • --with-libxml-lib-prefix=/usr/local/lib
  • Compile the libxslt library:
  • make
  • Install the libxslt library on the server (you will need the root password):
  • sudo make install
  • You need to recompile PHP to enable XML and XSL support. Configure PHP with at least the following flags:
  • ./configure --with-xml ­with-zlib ­with-xslt

    Note: The flags used above only enable XSL support. Add any other flags that might be necessary for your own configuration, such as MySQL support, ldap, ftp, and so forth.

  • Compile PHP:
  • sudo make
  • Install the new PHP version. It will overwrite any previous version.
  • sudo make install
  • Restart your web server.
To check if the configuration went smoothly, read the section Testing PHP 5 Servers.

Testing PHP 5 Servers
The first proof of a successful installation is that your web server doesn't throw any errors after restarting. To check if everything went smoothly, load the PHP test page in your browser. You should see a section similar to the following image (Figure 4), if the DOM extension was successfully enabled.

If XSL support was successfully enabled, too, you should also see a section similar to this one:

Check if these settings are present and enabled:

  • DOM/XML.
  • libXML.
  • XSL.
  • libxslt.
For libxml and libxslt, only the version number may be listed (instead of the enabled/disabled status) ­ this indicates they are present on your server.

Congratulations! Your server is now prepared for server-side development using XML and XSL

Where to Go from Here
In this article, I have explained how to prepare your PHP server for server-side XSL transformations. Now you have everything you need to start exploring the new XSL authoring features in Dreamweaver 8. A good point to start my next article, Consuming a Remote RSS Feed with Dreamweaver 8.

You can also have a look at these additional resources:

  • The article Displaying XML Data walks you through using client-side XSL transformations to process XML documents.
  • John Skidgel shows how a restaurant website can use XML and XSL to display its daily menu, in his article, Creating XSLT Fragments for Server-Side Transformations.
  • Marc Liyanage's website offers a wealth of resources for MAC OS users.
  • The XSL FAQ
  • The Macromedia XML and XSL Developer Center Resource page

More Stories By Marius Zaharia

Marius Zaharia is the documentation manager at InterAKT Online, a developer of professional tools for dynamic web development. When he's not writing articles and tutorials to guide web developers, he enjoys learning new things and exploring new technologies. His interests range from web development to politics and avantgarde electronic music.

More Stories By Cristian Ivascu

Cristian Ivascu is a technical writer with InterAKT Online. He is a strong supporter of open-source software and a fan of Japanese culture and rock music.

Comments (4) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


Most Recent Comments
thnx 04/25/06 08:40:25 AM EDT

thanks for the links

Marius 04/25/06 08:18:20 AM EDT

Sorry, first one is:
http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xml_overview.html

Marius 04/25/06 08:17:06 AM EDT

Hi,
Here they are:
XML Overview: http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xml_overview.html\

XSL Overview:
http://www.macromedia.com/devnet/dreamweaver/articles/xsl_overview.html

KF 04/20/06 10:14:33 AM EDT

This was a great article, it would have been nice to have links to the other two articles mentioned in the opening paragraph (XML Syntax and XSL overview). Is it possible to send me links to those articles?

Thanks in advance, KF

@ThingsExpo Stories
trust and privacy in their ecosystem. Assurance and protection of device identity, secure data encryption and authentication are the key security challenges organizations are trying to address when integrating IoT devices. This holds true for IoT applications in a wide range of industries, for example, healthcare, consumer devices, and manufacturing. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lancen LaChance, vice president of product management, IoT solutions at GlobalSign, will teach IoT developers how t...
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, will provide tips on how to be successful in large scale machine lear...
The IoTs will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and share the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the development proc...
Increasing IoT connectivity is forcing enterprises to find elegant solutions to organize and visualize all incoming data from these connected devices with re-configurable dashboard widgets to effectively allow rapid decision-making for everything from immediate actions in tactical situations to strategic analysis and reporting. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Shikhir Singh, Senior Developer Relations Manager at Sencha, will discuss how to create HTML5 dashboards that interact with IoT devic...
Artificial Intelligence has the potential to massively disrupt IoT. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, AJ Abdallat, CEO of Beyond AI, will discuss what the five main drivers are in Artificial Intelligence that could shape the future of the Internet of Things. AJ Abdallat is CEO of Beyond AI. He has over 20 years of management experience in the fields of artificial intelligence, sensors, instruments, devices and software for telecommunications, life sciences, environmental monitoring, process...
You think you know what’s in your data. But do you? Most organizations are now aware of the business intelligence represented by their data. Data science stands to take this to a level you never thought of – literally. The techniques of data science, when used with the capabilities of Big Data technologies, can make connections you had not yet imagined, helping you discover new insights and ask new questions of your data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sarbjit Sarkaria, data science team lead ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ericsson has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Ericsson is a world leader in the rapidly changing environment of communications technology – providing equipment, software and services to enable transformation through mobility. Some 40 percent of global mobile traffic runs through networks we have supplied. More than 1 billion subscribers around the world re...
We're entering the post-smartphone era, where wearable gadgets from watches and fitness bands to glasses and health aids will power the next technological revolution. With mass adoption of wearable devices comes a new data ecosystem that must be protected. Wearables open new pathways that facilitate the tracking, sharing and storing of consumers’ personal health, location and daily activity data. Consumers have some idea of the data these devices capture, but most don’t realize how revealing and...
We’ve worked with dozens of early adopters across numerous industries and will debunk common misperceptions, which starts with understanding that many of the connected products we’ll use over the next 5 years are already products, they’re just not yet connected. With an IoT product, time-in-market provides much more essential feedback than ever before. Innovation comes from what you do with the data that the connected product provides in order to enhance the customer experience and optimize busi...
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Klein, CEO and Co-founder of Rachio, will discuss next generation communities that are using IoT to create more sustainable, intelligent communities. One example is Sterling Ranch, a 10,000 home development that – with the help of Siemens – will integrate IoT technology into the community to provide residents with energy and water savings as well as intelligent security. Everything from stop lights to sprinkler systems to building infrastructures will run ef...
Manufacturers are embracing the Industrial Internet the same way consumers are leveraging Fitbits – to improve overall health and wellness. Both can provide consistent measurement, visibility, and suggest performance improvements customized to help reach goals. Fitbit users can view real-time data and make adjustments to increase their activity. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mark Bernardo Professional Services Leader, Americas, at GE Digital, will discuss how leveraging the Industrial Interne...
The increasing popularity of the Internet of Things necessitates that our physical and cognitive relationship with wearable technology will change rapidly in the near future. This advent means logging has become a thing of the past. Before, it was on us to track our own data, but now that data is automatically available. What does this mean for mHealth and the "connected" body? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Lisa Calkins, CEO and co-founder of Amadeus Consulting, will discuss the impact of wea...
Whether your IoT service is connecting cars, homes, appliances, wearable, cameras or other devices, one question hangs in the balance – how do you actually make money from this service? The ability to turn your IoT service into profit requires the ability to create a monetization strategy that is flexible, scalable and working for you in real-time. It must be a transparent, smoothly implemented strategy that all stakeholders – from customers to the board – will be able to understand and comprehe...
The demand for organizations to expand their infrastructure to multiple IT environments like the cloud, on-premise, mobile, bring your own device (BYOD) and the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to grow. As this hybrid infrastructure increases, the challenge to monitor the security of these systems increases in volume and complexity. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Stephen Coty, Chief Security Evangelist at Alert Logic, will show how properly configured and managed security architecture can...
A critical component of any IoT project is the back-end systems that capture data from remote IoT devices and structure it in a way to answer useful questions. Traditional data warehouse and analytical systems are mature technologies that can be used to handle large data sets, but they are not well suited to many IoT-scale products and the need for real-time insights. At Fuze, we have developed a backend platform as part of our mobility-oriented cloud service that uses Big Data-based approache...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Peak 10, Inc., a national IT infrastructure and cloud services provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Peak 10 provides reliable, tailored data center and network services, cloud and managed services. Its solutions are designed to scale and adapt to customers’ changing business needs, enabling them to lower costs, improve performance and focus inter...
There is an ever-growing explosion of new devices that are connected to the Internet using “cloud” solutions. This rapid growth is creating a massive new demand for efficient access to data. And it’s not just about connecting to that data anymore. This new demand is bringing new issues and challenges and it is important for companies to scale for the coming growth. And with that scaling comes the need for greater security, gathering and data analysis, storage, connectivity and, of course, the...
Digital payments using wearable devices such as smart watches, fitness trackers, and payment wristbands are an increasing area of focus for industry participants, and consumer acceptance from early trials and deployments has encouraged some of the biggest names in technology and banking to continue their push to drive growth in this nascent market. Wearable payment systems may utilize near field communication (NFC), radio frequency identification (RFID), or quick response (QR) codes and barcodes...
The IETF draft standard for M2M certificates is a security solution specifically designed for the demanding needs of IoT/M2M applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Brian Romansky, VP of Strategic Technology at TrustPoint Innovation, will explain how M2M certificates can efficiently enable confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity on highly constrained devices.
You deployed your app with the Bluemix PaaS and it's gaining some serious traction, so it's time to make some tweaks. Did you design your application in a way that it can scale in the cloud? Were you even thinking about the cloud when you built the app? If not, chances are your app is going to break. Check out this webcast to learn various techniques for designing applications that will scale successfully in Bluemix, for the confidence you need to take your apps to the next level and beyond.